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Asterisk The Whole Belief System | Being Muslim
22/09/2017 The Fit Hijabi in Religion / 4 responses

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Back again with the Islamic bookclub! I’ll post a summary of each chapter of an Islamic book I’m reading, so you get the rundown without ever picking it up!

This is all about belief…

(I had to quote the book a lot in this one, as it goes a little more in depth!)

Being Muslim : A Practical Guide by Asad Tarsin.

 

Belief

Shahadah

Muslims believe that saying these words will enter you into the religion, kind of like at church when you accept Jesus into your heart, if you are Christian. “It is to believe in God, His angels, His books, His messengers, and the Last Day, and to believe in divine decree, both the good and evil thereof [pg. 18].”

 

Allah

He alone is worthy of worship. The tawhid, or oneness, of God is the whole belief of Islam. Yes, we have prophets, but it’s all about Allah. If someone does believe in other gods or associates partners with God, it’s considered shirk and is forbidden. “This concept is summarized in the famous prophetic invocation, ‘There is no strength, nor power, save by God [pg. 19].'”

“They clarify the concept of God’s oneness as excluding [banning] certain possibilities, namely:

  • There could be more than one god or that He is made of composite parts
  • That God could have any deficiency or be in need of anything
  • That anything could be born out of Him or that He could be born out of something before Him
  • That He could have any peer or bear any similarity to created beings

There is no divinity in the creation, nor any createdness in the Divine [pg. 20].”

Faith, in Islam, is built upon reason.

Necessary proposition is something that must be true.

Conceivable proposition is when you can see it as being true or false.

Inconceivable proposition is when it is false.

“Three propositions can be made about the attributes of a triangle: it is necessary that it has three angles and three sides; it is conceivable that its sides be of equal length or that it have a right angle as one of the angles; and it is inconceivable that it have four angles or five sides. It is conceivable that ‘in another possible world’ God could have made some humans with purple skin, but that does not affirm that such a human actually exists; it just affirms the logical conceivability of it     [pg. 21].”

Every Muslim must know and believe the attributes of Allah, because it is the whole concept of God.

  • God has no beginning and no end
  • He is Living and cannot die
  • God is independent
  • He is unique and different from His creation
  • God does not have parts or divisions
  • Nothing escapes His knowledge
  • He can do anything He wills
  • God is All-Hearing and All-Seeing
  • Whatever He wills is, and whatever He doesn’t will, is not
  • Lack of opposite of any of these attributes is inconceivable of God

The ninety-nine names of Allah are all of his attributes. (I’ll leave a link to another post of all the names of God!)

Islam believes that the universe is proof of God

“First, if there is no necessary being to initiate existence, there would have to be an infinite chain of contingent beings, each caused by a previous set of contingent beings, going back through all time in an infinite regress, something that is self-contradictory, since each being has a beginning and finite by definition. The second possible explanation without being in circularity, another logical problem—that C was bought into existence by B, and B was brought into existence by A, and that A was brought into existence by C. In the end, with a finite group of contingent beings, each of which had a beginning, there must be a cause that brought them into existence which itself its uncaused [pg. 23].”

With this logic, we can conclude that God, who doesn’t have a beginning, exists and brought about the existence of all things.

 

Angels

In Islam, angels are not given free will to disobey God. They are genderless and made of light.

The most notable angel are:

  • Gabriel (Jibril)
    • revealed the Qur’an to the Prophet Muhammad, pbuh
    • told Lady Mary (Maryam) of her conception of Prophet Jesus (‘Isa), pbuh.
  • Michael (Mika’il)
    • provided substance to God’s creation.
  • Raphael (Israfil)
    • blows the trumpet in the Last Day
  • Azrael (‘Izra’il)
    • seizes souls from their host bodies
  • Munkar and Nakir
    • interrogate a soul in its grave
  • Raqib and ‘Atid
    • sit on shoulders of God’s servants and record your good and evil deeds
  • Malik
    • guardian of Hell
  • Ridwan
    • guardian of Heaven
  • Ibis
    • Proper name for the Devil (Shaytan)
      • The Great Liar
      • whispers suggestions to God’s servants

 

Scriptures

Muslims believe in the four divine scriptures.

The Torah (Tawrat) was revealed to Prophet Moses (Musa), pbuh, and contained laws for the Children of Israel. It was a source of guidance but has since been distorted by man.

The Psalms (Zabur) of Prophet David (Dawud), pbuh, is in the Qur’an as a revelation.

The Gospel (Injil) was revealed to Prophet Jesus (‘Isa), pbuh, and believe he is a mercy and source of guidance.

The Qur’an, also known as “the often recited”, was revealed to Prophet Muhammad, pbuh, and will be protected from distortion from God.

 

Messengers

God selected these servants as messengers to spread God’s words to guide their people.

“Every messenger is a prophet, but not every prophet is a messenger [pg. 28].”

Prophets in Islam are:

 

Judgement Day

Muslims believe the Last Day will consist of:

  • In the grave, the dead are questioned by Munkar and Nakir
  • After dying, God brings them back
  • Questioned by God and held accountable
  • He weighs the weight of our deeds, good and bad, against each other
  • The Pathway is a bridge over Hell… If you are burdened by sin or disbelief will fall into the fire
  • Paradise is a reward
  • Hell is a punishment

Paradise (Jannah) is Heaven. People who go there will “dwell forever with peace, joy, and serenity. They know no pain or suffering nor any unfulfilled wish [pg. 32].”

Hell (Jahannam) is for those who reject and rebel. People who go there will “suffer immense pain and know no joy [pg. 32].”

In Islam, there is no guarantee for directly going into Paradise. The Prophet Muhammad’s, pbuh, duty during the Last Day, is to “beseech God until anyone who believe in the Testimony of Faith (Shahadah) is removed from Hell. In other words, if you believe in the Shahadah, you will eventually enter Paradise. Even Muslims can go to Hell for a short period of time.

 

 

 

 

 

Get the book here!

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